//I did not have One Word a Day yesterday because I was preparing this.
Someone else (or was it me?) might have said earlier – there is no tense in Thai language. This is a huge misunderstanding. In fact, all languages have tenses; it depends on each of the language how they are handled. The correct statement should be: All languages have tense; not all have verb conjugation.
English: I eat./I ate (or I was eating)/I have eaten./I will eat.
French: Je mange./Je mangeais./J’ai mangé./Je mangerai.
As you can see, English is much simpler than French when it comes to ‘verb conjugation’. At least you only need to memorize 4 forms of verb – eat/ate/eaten/eating whereas there are way too many to memorize for French verbs.
Thai language is much simpler than English when it comes to verbs (or actions, as I use this term during the lesson). There is absolutely no conjugation (examples given above : English, French, German, most if not all other romance languages, etc.), no gender specific noun (un hombre, una mujer, un homme, une femme : romance languages). How it is done is simply adding a word to indicate the time in the sentence. This word can be a time-related word (ตอนเช้า//torn chaáo, เมื่อวาน//meûa waan, คืนนี้//kheun née) or something more specific (จะ//jà, กำลัง//kamlang, แล้ว//laéw) to signify when the action happens (future, at this moment, past).
Today I am going to discuss and demystify how to describe that the action is happening at the moment at the time of speaking, or to simply put – continuous/progressive tense (this includes events happening at the present and in the past).
Here is how:
The following sentences means – I am reading a book (at the moment).
Chăn kamlang àhn năngsěu yòo
Chăn kamlang àhn năngsěu
Chăn àhn năngsěu yòo
Please note that the last example is more popular as a spoken language.
A: Tham àrai yòo
B: Kin khaâo (yòo)
A: Khíd thĕung khrai yòo
B: Khíd thĕung ther (yòo)
**When the question already indicated อยู่//yòo, it is not necessary to answer with that.
Now, after a long while of no question, here is one for today:
What does this mean?
Chăn yang àhn năngsěu yòo