Lesson 15 = Bòt thêe sìb hâh = บทที่ ๑๕

What is the difference between พูด//phôod and บอก//bòrk when it is beyond ‘to speak’ and ‘to tell’?

1a) Khăo phôod wâh khăo jà pai tham ngaan thêe Yêepùn

(เขาพูดว่าเขาจะไปทำงานที่ญี่ปุ่น)

1b) Khăo phôod chăn wâh khăo jà pai tham ngaan thêe Yêepùn

(เขาพูดฉันว่าเขาจะไปทำงานที่ญี่ปุ่น)

1c) Khăo phôod kàb chăn wâh khăo jà pai tham ngaan thêe Yêepùn

(เขาพูดกับฉันว่าเขาจะไปทำงานที่ญี่ปุ่น)

2a) Khăo bòrk wâh khăo jà pai tham ngaan thêe Yêepùn

(เขาบอกว่าเขาจะไปทำงานที่ญี่ปุ่น)

2b) Khăo bòrk chăn wâh khăo jà pai tham ngaan thêe Yêepùn

(เขาบอกฉันว่าเขาจะไปทำงานที่ญี่ปุ่น)

2c) Khăo bòrk kàb chăn wâh khăo jà pai tham ngaan thêe Yêepùn

(เขาบอกกับฉันว่าเขาจะไปทำงานที่ญี่ปุ่น)

Sentences in 1) means the same thing as sentences in 2), with the same suffix letter.

1a) Khăo phôod wâh khăo jà pai tham ngaan thêe Yêepùn

2a) Khăo bòrk wâh khăo jà pai tham ngaan thêe Yêepùn

1a) and 2a): He says that he will go to work in Japan.

1b) Khăo phôod chăn wâh khăo jà pai tham ngaan thêe Yêepùn

2b) Khăo bòrk chăn wâh khăo jà pai tham ngaan thêe Yêepùn

1b) is not a valid sentence, we will use 1c) instead if the 2nd person (also known as indirect object) is required.

2b): He tells me that he will go to work in Japan.

1c) Khăo phôod kàb chăn wâh khăo jà pai tham ngaan thêe Yêepùn

2c) Khăo bòrk kàb chăn wâh khăo jà pai tham ngaan thêe Yêepùn

1c) and 2c): He tells me that he will go to work in Japan. OR He says to me that he will go to work in Japan.

Learning language is not about direct translation. I teach you to communicate, not translating from your own language into Thai. If you do so, most of the time you would find that Thai people would give you a ‘question mark’ face. Learning language takes time; while it is possible to cram in 20 hours the knowledge you need for a short trip, if you prefer to understand and be able to express yourself fully in Thai, it takes much longer time than that.

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