Lesson 17 = Bòt thêe sìb jèd = บทที่ ๑๗

ขอ//khŏr is used when asking for a permission or asking for something. The equivalent phrase in English would be: Can I (+ action) or Can I have (+ noun)

ขอยืมปากกาหน่อยค่ะ

Khŏr yeum pàakkah nòi khâ

Can I borrow a pen, please?

ขออ่านหนังสือเล่มนี้นะคะ

Khŏr àhn năngsĕu lêm née ná khá

I would like to read this book, please.

ขอเล่น(เกมส์, กีฬา)ด้วยได้มั้ยครับ

Khŏr lên (games, keelah) duâi dâi mái khráb

Can I play (games/sports) with you, please?

ให้//hâi has a few ways to be used; it depends on the position of this word as well as what type of word precedes/follows. Examples show the two of the simplest usage:

แม่ให้เงินลูก

Mâe hâi ngern lôok

Mom gives money to (her) child.

แม่ทำอาหารให้ลูก

Mâe tham ahhăan hâi lôok

Mom cooks a meal for (her) child.

แม่ให้ลูกไปซื้อของที่ตลาด

Mâe hâi lôok pai séu khŏrng thêe tàlàad

Mom lets (her) child go to buy things at the market.

When combined, ขอให้//khŏr hâi means ‘to wish that/for’ or ‘to ask that/for’.

(ฉัน)ขอให้(คุณ)มีความสุข

(Chăn) khŏr hâi (khun) mee khwaam sùk

I wish that you have a happiness. OR I wish you a happiness.

(ฉัน)ขอให้โลกสงบสุข

(Chăn) khŏr hâi lôhk sà-ngòb sùk

I wish for a world peace.

(ผม)ขอให้(คุณ)ไปงานเลี้ยงกับผมได้เถอะ

(Phŏm) khŏr hâi (khun) pai ngaan líang kàb phŏm dâi thèr

I wish you can come to the party with me. //This sentence is probably a thought, not exactly a phrase that a guy would express to a girl.

Examples show that when the subject is omitted, it is actually referring to the wish of the subject. Otherwise, the subject is required:

เขาขอให้ฉันไปงานเลี้ยงกับเขา

Khăo khŏr hâi chăn pai ngaan líang kàb khăo

He asks me to go to the party with him

มะลิขอให้น้องสาวไปซื้อของเป็นเพื่อน

Máli khŏr hâi nórng saăo pai séu khŏrng pen pheûan

Mali asks her sister to accompany her to go shopping.

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