How to use จน//jon

I remember having written this entry since a long time ago, but for some reason, I am not sure why I have not posted it here yet. Since one of my students raised the question, it’s high time that I share how to use this word with you.


 

จน + action/time/place


This means ‘until the action (has been completed), until the time has come, until the place has arrived (or you have arrived at the place)’.

ฝนอ่านหนังสือจนจบ แล้วก็ไปวิ่งกับเพื่อน

Fŏn àhn nǎngsěu jon jòb láew kôr pai wîng kàb pheûan

Fon reads a book until she finishes it (or she finishes reading a book) and then goes to run with friends.

ฉันจะรอเธอจนเธอกลับมา

Chǎn jà raw ther jon ther klàb mah

I will wait for you until you come back.

เมื่อวานเย็นมีงานด่วน ฉันก็เลยต้องทำงานจนสี่ทุ่ม กลับบ้านดึกมาก

Meûa waan yen mee ngaan dùan chǎn kôr loei tôrng tham ngaan jon sèe thûm, klàb bâhn dèuk mâak.

There was an urgent task yesterday evening. That’s why I had to work until 10 pm. I got home very late.

ตรงไปจนสี่แยกนะคะ แล้วเลี้ยวซ้ายค่ะ

Trong pai jon sèe yâek ná khá láew liáo saái khâ

Go straight until the intersection, then turn left, please.


จนกว่า (subject) + (จะ) + action


We use this pattern when what comes after จนกว่า//jon kwàa is a complete Thai sentence.

ฉันจะรอเธอจนกว่าเธอจะกลับมา

Chǎn jà raw ther jon kwàa ther jà klàb mah

I will wait for you until you come back.

ตรงไปจนกว่าจะถึงสี่แยกนะคะ แล้วเลี้ยวซ้ายค่ะ

Trong pai jon kwàa jà thěung sèe yâek ná khá láew liáo saái khâ

Go straight until the intersection, then turn left, please.


(จน)ถึง + time/place


Alternatively, you may use ถึง//thĕung to signify the end point (both time and place).

เมื่อวานเย็นมีงานด่วน ฉันก็เลยต้องทำงาน(จน)ถึงสี่ทุ่ม กลับบ้านดึกมาก

Meûa waan yen mee ngaan dùan chǎn kôr loei tôrng tham ngaan (jon) thĕung sèe thûm, klàb bâhn dèuk mâak.

There was an urgent task yesterday evening. That’s why I had to work until 10 pm. I got home very late.

ตรงไป(จน)ถึงสี่แยกนะคะ แล้วเลี้ยวซ้ายค่ะ

Trong pai (jon) thĕung sèe yâek ná khá láew liáo saái khâ

Go straight until the intersection, then turn left, please.


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