Found, Establish, Start: How to say these in Thai?

Some time ago a student asked me to explain the difference between ตั้ง//tâng vs. เริ่ม//rêrm so here we go:


1. ตั้ง//tâng vs. เริ่ม//rêrm

ตั้ง//tâng + noun

คุณปู่ของเขาเป็นคนตั้งบริษัท

Khun pòo khŏrng khăo pen khon tâng borrísàt

His paternal grandfather was the one who founded/established the company.

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Credit pic: here

ครูตั้งข้อสอบยากมาก

Khroo tâng khôr sòrb yâak mâak.

The teacher sets a very difficult exam question.

เริ่ม//rêrm + verb

น้องเมฆยังไม่เริ่มทำการบ้าน

Nórng Mêhk yang mai rêrm tham kaan bâan

Mehk has not started doing his homework yet.

87-7-12-3Credit pic: here

เขาจะเริ่มฝึกงานอาทิตย์หน้า

Khăo jà rêrm fèuk ngaan ahthíd nâh

He will start his internship next week.

And here are more examples:

ตั้งราคา//tâng raa khaa = to set the price

ตั้งค่าหัว//tâng khâa hǔa = to set the bounty

ตั้งชื่อ//tâng chêu = to set a name = to name

ตั้งนาฬิกา//tâng naalíkaa = to set a clock = to set the time

ตั้งตัว//tâng tua = to establish yourself

ตั้งใจ//tâng jai = to intend to/to make an effort to/to pay attention to


There are a couple more ways to look at ตั้ง//tâng:


2. ตั้ง//tâng (as much as…) vs. แค่//khâe (only…)

ตั้ง//tâng emphasises that the amount is very large and แค่//khâe emphasises that the amount is very small (according to the speaker). Here are some examples:

บ้านหลังนี้ก็ไม่ใหญ่ ทำไมราคาตั้ง 10 ล้าน

Bâhn lăng née kôr mâi yài, tham mai raa khaa tâng sìb láan

This house is not so big, why does it cost 10 million (baht)?

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Credit pic: here

ก็อยู่ทำเลดี ใกล้ทางด่วน ขับรถแค่ 15 นาทีก็ถึงในเมืองแล้ว

Kôr yòo tham leh dee, klâai thaang dùan, khàb rót khâe sbì hâa nahthee kôr thěung nai meuang láew

The location is good, it is near the express way, only 15 minutes’ drive from downtown.


3. ตั้ง//tâng (stack) vs. กอง//korng (pile)

ตั้ง//tâng

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Credit pic: here

กอง//korng

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Credit pic: here


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